Sudden and slow-onset events as triggers of migration

  • Andrej Privara University of Economics in Bratislava; Faculty of National Economy, Department of Social Development and Labour
Keywords: sudden­-onset event, slow­-onset event, migration

Abstract

In current research we have considered sudden-­onset and slow­-onset events as triggers of displacement and migration in the affected regions. Lack of data on environment­-induced migration, the poor capacity to support internally displaced persons, low preparedness level for natural hazards, lack of measures to decrease disaster risk, lack of budgeting, poor early­-warning information system are the main contributors to insufficiency of the measures addressing environment-­induced migration. However, the most affected regions can be outlined. The Pacific and South Asia appeared to be the most affected regions in terms of both sudden and slow­-onset events. Sudden­-onset events may reflect only short­-term vulnerabilities of the regions and in case of setting proper priorities in policy development, their harmful effect can be mitigated to some extent. Slow­-onset events, in turn, may include both short and long­-term vulnerabilities and pose much greater displacement risks in affected regions. Furthermore, slow­-onset events along with regional specific drivers of migration and displacement can initiate great harm. In current paper, we emphasize the importance of focusing on slow­-onset events in affected regions and outline some interactions between slow­-onset events, regional drivers of displacement and loss of adaptive capacity and highlight economic and social tense  which arises as a result of mentioned interactions. We also present migration framework in the conditions of exposure to slow­-onset events demonstrating causal effects of slow­-onset events on economic and social factors affecting migration decisions.

Published
2019-06-13
How to Cite
Privara, A. (2019). Sudden and slow-onset events as triggers of migration. Journal of Modern Economic Research, 1(2), 25-38. Retrieved from https://www.denakyrpublishing.science/index.php/jmer/article/view/10
Section
Articles